Analysis and resources to support the UNFCCC's ultimate objective

*i.e. to support developing nations with mitigation and adaptation plans, in such a way as to incentivise donor generosity and beneficiary efficiency.

*Common but differentiated responsibilities, committing all Parties to equitable contributions towards the common goal

'[W]e have a battle on our hands: a battle to preserve a safe climate for the future. Powerful forces are engaged in this battle, whether we notice them or not. The power of vested interests to resist change, the inertia of infrastructure systems, and the unyielding laws of thermodynamics all seem to be arrayed against us.

To win this battle, we must deploy equally powerful forces in favour of change: the power of human ingenuity, the power of technology, and the power of leadership. We must match the laws of physics with a will and a determination that is equally unyielding.'

Sir David King, UK Foreign Secretary's Special Representative for Climate Change

See: Climate Change: A Risk Assessment (co-authored with Professor Zhou Dadi, China's National Expert Committee on Climate Change; Dr Arunabha Ghosh, CEO, India's Council on Energy, Environment and Water; Professor Daniel Schrag, US President's Council of Advisors on Science & Technology; Professor Qi Ye, Tshinghua University).

​'You can't drill a hole in your side of the row boat' 

(Dr. Israel Klabin, organiser of the Rio Earth Summit)


  • Future generations may regard COP21 as ​the critical moment in our history.

  • The window for averting dangerous climate change and ocean acidification is rapidly narrowing.

  • The current expectation is that governments will agree in Paris:

                (i) that average global warming must be limited to 1.5 or 2 degrees Celsius;

                (ii) a package of unenforceable, nationally determined commitments, that leave us on        

                track for warming of 3 to 4 degrees Celsius in the 21st Century          

               (when the Earth was last 4 degrees warmer, approximately 25 million years ago, there

               was no ice at either pole).

  • ​Even gas and oil majors are now calling for governments to:

       'introduce carbon pricing systems and create clear, stable, ambitious policy


​              (see: bp press release)

  • Climate change caused the worst drought in Syria's history which was one of the catalysts for civil war

​              (see: climate change key in Syrian conflict)

  • COP21SN develops and proposes policies to support the previously stated objective of limiting warming to 1.5 or 2 degrees.